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Prepare for your project defense with these common questions and answers

 Category:Research Projects  
 By: usericon Nonny01  

 Posted: 8/31/2017 6:59:00 PM


Learn how to get prepared for your project defense with these common questions and tips

Project defense can be very easy once you completely understand your research work and are prepared for the questions. During the defense, the panel of assessors will ask you questions to test your knowledge of the research subject matter, depth of your work, the results and conclusions you arrived at. The questions that would be asked will fall within these four categories:

-What is your research project about?
-What did you do?
-What did you find?
-Why does that matter?


Prepare for your project defense with these common questions and answers

Image Credit: Freepik

Below are some of the likely questions you will be asked in a project defense room. Study these questions and suggested answers. You can also ask previous students in your department and your supervisor to guide you.

Common project defense questions and answers


1. Why did you choose this topic?

This might be the first question you will be asked, and you need to have a good response. You should talk about the motivations for the study. Talk about the research problem you wanted to address which made you embark on the study.

2. Briefly, explain what your research project is all about?

To respond to this question, you need to fully understand your research project. Basically, be able to repeat your abstract.


3. What is the scope of the study

Here you briefly state the specific aspects of your project topic that was covered.



4. What is the significance of the study?

To answer this question, you will need to state how your research work will help other researchers, educators, organizations(like the case study used), practitioners and policymakers.


5. Did you bridge any gap from your study?

Here you should talk about how your study addressed the existing problems/concerns that made you carry out the research.


6. What are your research variables?

This question is asked in order to find out if you really know what your research project is all about. Explain your independent and dependent variable(s) to show them you really grasp the concept of your research topic. Identify the variables in your project topic, define and explain them.


7. What research methodology did you use?

This is usually the chapter three of your project report. To respond to this question, you should briefly state the research design procedure you adopted for the research. Talk about the data collection methods and sampling techniques employed in the research.


8. Why did you use that research methodology?

This is where you state the reason(s) for the choice of research methodology used. For example, if you used the survey research method, you can state reasons such as: no interviewer bias, cost-effective, it enabled you (the researcher) to collect information from the sample without influencing the population of the study e.t.c


9. Why do you think your research is reliable?

To answer this question, simply tell your audience/panel of assessors that the threats to research reliability (which are participants error, participant bias, research error, and researcher bias) did not occur during the research. Or you can simply say that you made sure the threats were reduced to the barest minimum.


10. Why do you think your research is valid?

To answer this question, simply tell your audience/panel of assessors that the findings from your study can be generalized to other relevant settings, group or case study.


11. In what way(s) does your research project contributes to knowledge?

This question is similar to your significance of the study. You should talk about how your research is aimed at addressing a problem that was not addressed by previous researchers in your field of study. You should also briefly state how your project will advance understanding in your research field.


12. What are the limitations encountered

No research project is perfect. It is common for at least one limitation to be identified. To answer this question, talk about the weaknesses that were out of your control. You can talk about how weaknesses such as the short time frame for the research, lack of research studies/materials on the topic, lack of available data, the combination of lectures, exam and project research, limited sample size and selection, e.t.c impacted the analysis of your research data.


13. Which programming language did you use to write your program? (for computer science students)

State the programming language and database used in the development of your software/program. If you did not design the program yourself or you were assisted by a friend or colleague, find out from the person which programming language was used. You might also ask the person to give you a crash course on the programming language.


14. Show us how your software works (for computer science students)

Make sure you are familiar with how the software works. Also, be sure that there are no errors in the software. Go ahead and show the panel of assessors how the software functions. You can also show them some records which you entered previously.


15. What source of data was employed for the research?

Here, you simply state the data collection methods that were used in the study. You should state if primary sources such as questionnaires, interview, observation OR secondary sources such as textbooks, journals, articles, e.t.c were used. If you combined primary and secondary sources, briefly talk about it.


16. What are your findings?

Show the descriptive results from the study in a convincing and clear style. Make sure your findings refer to your research objectives/questions.


17. Based on your findings what are your recommendations/suggestions?

This is where you talk about the importance and implications of your findings from three levels namely:

1. Research (various ways other researchers can improve or refine the study)

2. Theory (the new contributions that you are adding to the body of knowledge) and

3. Practice (how the information gotten from your study can make practice better, improve the operational procedures, solve problems, improve policy making e.t.c).

Note: Avoid the temptation to make recommendations that are not supported by your findings. Do not recommend based on your beliefs.


18. What is the strongest point in your project?

The duration of the defense might just be 10 - 15 minutes, as such the questioners will not have the time to ask you about every detail. They will want to focus on the major ideas and ask you the most important aspects of your research. Be ready to answer.


19. If you could change something regarding your study, what would it be?

The answer to this question can be gotten from the limitations of your study. You can give answers such as:
1. Given the constraints (like the short time frame for the research or lack of sufficient funds) I was working with, this was what I was able to do but if I could do more, this is what I would have done.

2. In doing this I learned a problem with this kind of data collection. Next time, I will do it this way.


20. What questions do you have for us

You can ask them if there any revisions they want you to make in your report. Ask them to summarize the major revisions, so you can take some notes.


21. Do you have any closing comments

Thank the panel of assessors and let them know that the revisions/corrections that were given (such as rewriting the conclusion, tables/graphs that are not in the right format, something you said during the defense and they want you to include it in the report or some other issues they noticed you did not capture) would be implemented and shown to your supervisor.


In a project defense you are expected to:

- Present yourself as a scholar in the discipline and an authority on your subject.
- Cogently and clearly explain your work.
- Have a conversation with the panel of assessors.
- Defend any idea that might be disagreed upon. (That is why it is called a project defense).


Project Defense tips

1. Be academically, mentally and physically prepared for your presentation.
2. Practice, practice, practice. Rehearse several times with the equipment you will use for your presentation.
3. Have a thorough understanding of the nature of your research problem.
4. Make eye contact with more than one member of the panel of assessors during the course of your presentation.
5. Don't speak too fast. Talk calmly with confidence.
6. Bring a copy of your project report with you for reference.

Learn more tips and tricks to ace your project defense


Anonymous Sep. 11, 2018

awsome great effort to help students.breife and through summary of questions



Anonymous Apr. 17, 2019

Thanks so much, now I have an idea of what to expect


Anonymous Sep. 27, 2018

Thank you so much . This tips gives me courage To defend my project



Nonny01 Sep. 28, 2018

You are welcome


Anonymous Oct. 11, 2018

Thank you so much. This helped




Anonymous Oct. 14, 2018

Thanks so much, came in handy




Anonymous Oct. 26, 2018

wao....... tnx so much




Anonymous Dec. 30, 2018

thank you so much our final defense will be held this upcoming February thanks to this i get to read some important tips on how we will defend our study thank u again.



Nonny01 Jan. 1, 2019

You are welcome


Anonymous Jan. 15, 2019

Thanks for tips. They are so informative.




Anonymous Jan. 22, 2019

Thank you so much for the tips. very informative




Anonymous Feb. 7, 2019

It was so so insightful. Thanks to all team mates. Now have an idea of what I may be asked of during my defence. Once again, am very grateful.




Anonymous Feb. 13, 2019

Thanks so much very helpful




Anonymous Feb. 27, 2019

final defense is today, great tips



Nonny01 Feb. 27, 2019

You're welcome


Anonymous Mar. 4, 2019

Will be defending this week. Thanks for the tips, it's really helpful.




Anonymous Mar. 8, 2019

This is a really big help,thank you so much!!



Nonny01 Mar. 10, 2019

You're welcome


Anonymous Mar. 13, 2019

This has been really helpful. Thank you so much.




Anonymous Mar. 17, 2019

really helpful, thanks




Anonymous Apr. 6, 2019

Woah.......thank you very much for this info




Anonymous Apr. 6, 2019

This is very nice and helpful




Anonymous Apr. 30, 2019

This is well appreciated. God bless you



nonny01 Apr. 30, 2019

You're welcome


Anonymous May. 5, 2019

Thank you very much for this. I never knew how to prepare until I saw this. I really appreciate. Defense is tomorrow



nonny01 May. 5, 2019

We are glad we could help


Anonymous May. 16, 2019

Im elated by this tips




Anonymous May. 29, 2019

Thank u so much...




Anonymous May. 31, 2019

thank you very much, i have gained alot of tips about about academic research questions and how to defend especially a trick questions. beat wishes to you




Anonymous Jun. 19, 2019

This is wonderful bcs am just think about how to defense my project which is going on in this week but with all dis guide infact there is no problem for me again, thanks



nonny01 Jun. 20, 2019

Glad we could be of help


Anonymous Jun. 26, 2019

Thanks alot , it's very important to me prior to my project defense




Anonymous Jul. 1, 2019

so helpful




Anonymous Aug. 7, 2019

Awesome tips,thank you.Very helpful for my upcoming defence in two days to come.




Anonymous Aug. 16, 2019

So helpful Thanks alot




Anonymous Aug. 24, 2019

Thank you so much for the tips.




Anonymous Sep. 21, 2019

Thanks, very helpful




Anonymous Nov. 30, 2019

Nice one. I have learnt from this




Anonymous May. 1, 2020

Very helpful and thank you so much.




Anonymous May. 29, 2020

It’s awesome, this’s Betty from Nairobi Kenya



nonny01 May. 30, 2020

Thanks @betty


Anonymous Jun. 19, 2020

Tnx a lot




Anonymous Sep. 2, 2020

Wow i really feel happy based on this. I wil just say may god reward u for ur contribution



nonny01 Sep. 2, 2020



Anonymous Sep. 7, 2020

Thank you so much, this made everything easier for me. I appreciate❤️



Nonny01 Sep. 7, 2020



Anonymous Oct. 12, 2020

this was very useful thanks a lot




Anonymous Nov. 26, 2020

Am very are with this guide will be able to defend my project. Thank u




Anonymous Dec. 11, 2020

Thank you so much. It's really helpful




Anonymous Jan. 26, 2021

Thank you so much 🥰💯💯💯💯




Anonymous Apr. 17, 2021

Thank you so much for your help with this important instructions.




Anonymous Apr. 29, 2021

*thankful twerking*




Anonymous May. 11, 2021

No examples, its hard to know how and what will you show to your project defence.




Anonymous May. 27, 2021

Thank you for the tips, I have a defence seminar next week!




Anonymous Jun. 13, 2021

Thank you very much for this. You don't know how much you've helped me.



nonny01 Jun. 13, 2021

You are welcome


Anonymous Jun. 14, 2021

thank you so much this would be a great help in my defense




Anonymous Jun. 14, 2021

Thanks a lot very helpful




Anonymous Jun. 22, 2021

Amazing! thank you so much now I have an idea




Anonymous Jul. 3, 2021

Thank you, I am about to defend my proposal next week, and this has given me a picture of what to expect, and surely this will help me during my thesis defence in the coming months



nonny01 Jul. 3, 2021

You are welcome.


Anonymous Jul. 5, 2021

this is superp congrants keep the good work going




Anonymous Jul. 22, 2021

Thank you so much, it's helpful and my regards to this team



nonny01 Aug. 13, 2021

You are welcome


Anonymous Aug. 13, 2021

You're a live saver. My defense is this morning and I felt so out of place. God bless you for this.



nonny01 Aug. 13, 2021

You are welcome


Anonymous Aug. 15, 2021

Very helpful materials. what about being ask the "context" of your study?




Anonymous Sep. 14, 2021

Thank you so much




Anonymous Jan. 22, 2022

Thank you; my defense is scheduled for Friday. This is of great help.




Anonymous Mar. 2, 2022

Thank u so much..Ur tips and suggestions can help me a lot in defending my research study...More Power and God Bless!




Anonymous Apr. 12, 2022

I am a grade 8 student and this will be the first time for me to experience defense. i am scared because i am not used in speaking English.




Anonymous Aug. 7, 2022

Really waoh tnxs so much for the boosting confidence tap prescribed. This my first time to defend a project which is coming up next month. I'm nervous but pls pray wish me luck qualified approved




Anonymous Nov. 7, 2022





Anonymous May. 18, 2023

you have tried, i love this. it will help me in my defense




Anonymous Jun. 13, 2023

Thank you so much




Anonymous Apr. 19, 2024

Thank you so much Nonny for this, it came in handy since mine is just around the corner



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