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Knowledge and practice of justification of medical exposure among medical and dental practitioners in teaching hospitals within Kano metropolis

 Department: Medical Radiography  
 By: usericon rainnjazz  

 Project ID: 2325
   Rating:  (5.0) votes: 1
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   Price:₦3000
Abstract
Radiation protection in medicine is supported by the concepts of justification, optimization and dose limitation. One of the basic principles of radiation safety is to make sure that all exposures to ionizing radiation are clinically justified. A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted among medical and dental practitioners in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital and Abdullahi Wase specialist hospital within Kano metropolis. A convenient sampling technique was adopted. A total of 180 questionnaires were administered to medical and dental practitioners in Kano metropolis to assess their knowledge and practice of justification of medical exposure. A response rate of 100%. Distributions of the respondents based on specialization were109 (60.6%) medical practitioners and 71(39.4%) dental practitioners. Based on gender, there were 122(67.8%) males and 58(32.2%) females. On the assessment of knowledge of justification of medical exposure, the majority of the respondents have adequate knowledge with 84.4% medical practitioners and 64.6% dental practitioners. The practice of justification of medical exposure was found to be very poor. Only 10.1% of medical practitioners and 25.4% dental practitioners were found to practice it. The relationship between knowledge and practice of justification of medical exposure between the two cadres. Showed that a weak positive correlation was noted (r0.144) for medical doctors. While a moderate positive correlation was also found for dental practitioners (r 0.403). On knowledge of radiation safety and hazards, it was found that knowledge was inadequate with medical practitioners having 19.3% and dental practitioners having 42.3% as the only ones aware of it. Although this is more so among medical practitioners than dental practitioners. ...
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