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Proximate and phytochemical properties of African locust bean seed (Parkia biglobosa) and African bush mango (Irvingia gabonensis)

 Department: Food Science Technology  
 By: usericon Johngrey  

 Project ID: 6390
   Rating:  (5.0) votes: 1
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   Price:₦3000
Abstract
The research was carried out to determine the proximate and phytochemical composition of Parkia biglobosa seeds and Irvingia gabonensis seeds collected within Makurdi town with the view to improve the diet of the populace. Samples of Parkia biglobosa seeds and Irvingia gabonensis seeds were purchased from modern market in Makurdi. The samples were prepared and proximate and phytochemical content of the seeds were carried out in the laboratory following standard procedure illustrated by the Association of Applied Chemist (AOAC). The seeds were analyzed for their proximate composition such as ash, carbohydrates, protein, fat, moisture and crude fibre content. The seeds were also analyzed for phytochemical contents such as tannins, saponins, flavonoids, phenols, alkaloids, glycoside, anthraquinones, terpenes and sterols. The data obtained were reported as mean and standard error of mean using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20. The results showed that moisture content was 13.51±0.636% in Parkia bilglobbosa seeds and 2.54±0.035% in Irvingia gabonensis seeds. Ash content was 8.06±0.21% in Parkia biglobosa seeds and 2.75±0.19% in Irvingia gabonensis seeds. Fat, crude protein and carbohydrates were 13.51±0.636% 1.97±0.064% and 61.79±0.33% in Parkia biglobosa seeds while the value obtained for Irvingia gabonensis seeds were 66.80±0.311%, 8.22±0.42% and 19.10±0.16% for Irvingia  gabonensis seeds respectively. The results showed the presence of phytochemicals such as Tannin, Saponin, Flavonoid, Steroid, Phlobatanin, Terpenoid, Alkaloid, and Cardaic glycosides. The research concludes that Irvingia gabonensis seeds and Parkia biglobosa seeds contains vital nutritional properties which play important role for the maintenance of healthy life and normal body functioning....
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